06.02.2012


This article was published as part of SRAS's free monthly newsletter. Want the newsletter?


  Lagman1
Будучи хорошо известен и любим в Казахстане, Киргизии, Таджикистане и Афганистане, в Россию лагман пришел из Узбекистана.

 Лагман
Central Asian Noodles & Broth
By Michael Smeltzer

Jump to: recipes; videos; study abroad!

Лагман (lagman) is a dish that is very common in Central Asia, China, and much of Russia. While the basic recipe has perhaps hundreds of local variations, this simple and filling dish always consists of noodles floating in broth or soaked in a savory sauce with vegetables and often features meat, spices, and various savory sauces as well.

The various components are often laid out buffet-style for each person to add according to their individual tastes.

 
 Study Abroad!
religion-banner-ec

Почему он носит такое название?

Thought to have first appeared in China, лагман is considered a national dish of the Uighur and the Dungan (Hui) peoples, two mostly Muslim minorities of China. Over the course of time, and thanks to the Uighur and Dungan migration, and Dungan people's frequenting the silk road as well-known traders, лагман became more and more popular throughout Central Asia. Today, it is beloved in Kazakhstan, Kurdistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan, from where it would then travel to Russia as many of those lands became part of the Russian empire. Indeed, лагман seems to be an ideal food for travelers, as is can be prepared in just two pots over a fire: one for preparing the meat and vegetables for the sauce/soup, and the other for boiling the noodles. 

The name "лагман" comes from a modification of the Dungan word "люман" (lyuman), literally meaning "stretched out dough." As the name implies, the main component of лагман is noodles, which are rolled and stretched by hand. The noodles are combined with a thick sauce or broth made from vegetables and/or meat. Mutton or beef is most commonly used, but the choices and combinations for vegetables, meat, and seasoning in лагман are endless. 

The two essential parts of лагман are most often referred to in Russian as лапша (noodles) and ваджа, a word that generally refers to something resembling a very thick stew that is not meant to be eaten on its own, but rather added to broth or other ingredients.

Как привильно есть лагман?

Лагман, a simple, filling, and flexible dish, is a staple of Central Asian and Chinese diets and is eaten quite often in those countries, sometimes twice a day.

Лагман is sometimes served with the various components (noodles and broth, vegetables, meat, sauces, etc.) in separate bowls, and diners mix and match as they please. However, it is also often served in a single bowl to each diner with a bed of noodles topped with the meat, broth, and so forth.

The methods for eating лагман are as numerous as the ways to prepare it. You can use a fork or chopsticks (known as simply "палочки," or "sticks" in Russian). The broth is usually drunk straight from the bowl or can be more civilly taken care of with a spoon.

Lagman2
Oсновной изюминкой лагмана является лапша,
которая раскатывается и вытягивается вручную.
Подается эта лапша с густым соусом из мяса
и овощей или же с бульоном, к которому
полагаются мясные и овощные добавки.
Photo: SeriousEats.com
 

In its cultural relevance, this simple food is somewhat akin to soup and bread in the West and has many connotations of hospitality, community, and good fortune. One Asian legend  states that the first лагман was prepared when three traveling merchants met at a crossroads. One had a cauldron, another flour and meat, and the last vegetables and spices. The last man also had culinary and diplomatic skills and suggested that they all pool their resources. Thus, they settled near a spring and the cook/diplomat produced the first лагман. The legend continues, saying that a Chinese dignitary passed by, smelled the cooking, asked for some, and, upon eating it, was so amazed that he granted the three travelers a safe and duty-free stay in his territory.

The Chinese, whose culture is steeped in symbolism, also consider лагман a dish which connotes love,  perhaps a connection to previously mentioned story of its origin. Three weary travelers coming together, pooling their resources, and producing a dish that, in the end, is definitely comfort food par excellence.

Как правильно готовить лагман?

Лагман comes in many, many variations. In Russia and most of Central Asia, it is usually served in broth and resembles a very thick noodle soup. However, in more eastern lands, it resembles spaghetti. In fact, there are endless debates throughout this large part of the world on how to properly prepare and eat it (only with a fork, twirling the fork in a spoon, with thick sauce, thin sauce, etc.).

The most convenient tool for cooking лагман is a good, thick cauldron (known as a "котелок" in Russian). But if you don't have one, just grab any tall cast iron pot with a thick bottom.

As mentioned above, the main part of traditional лагман is homemade, hand-stretched noodles. Of course, today, store-bought noodles are far more common, but making these noodles isn't too hard, even if it requires some patience. Since the noodles must be stretched by hand, the dough should be as elastic as possible. Thus it's extremely important to choose your flour correctly. The method which produces the best results is mixing the highest quality and next-highest quality wheat flour.

For each kilogram of flour you'll need 300 milliliters of water, 2 eggs, one teaspoon of vinegar, and salt to taste. Pasta recipes will often skip the vinegar, but it is precisely that which will give your dough the extra plasticity and allow you to stretch it without too much exertion.

  Lagman3
Ваджа готовится. Самой удобной посудой для
приготовления лагмана является хороший
толстостенный казан. Если же казана у вас нет,
просто возьмите любую достаточно высокую
кастрюлю из чугуна с толстым дном.
Photo: Kulina.ru

Pour the flour into a deep bowl, make a well, gently pour in the beaten eggs, and a little warm water. Start to carefully fold the mixture into dough, and add extra flour to thicken it if need be (but don't add too much or the dough will be too thick to stretch!). Then aggressively knead the dough until it's homogenouss and stretchy. The longer and stronger you knead the dough, the more elastic and adhesive it becomes, making it easier for you to stretch it later. Make the dough into a ball, wrap it in cellophane, and put in a cool place for thirty minutes to an hour.

Now you get to stretch the pasta (растягивать лапшу). Divide the dough into pieces and roll it into thick strands. Carefully coat each strand with vegetable oil and let them sit for 10-15 minutes. After that, start to stretch the dough. Start by rolling the dough tightly between your palms and the table, trying not to break it. Do this to each strip twice and stretch with your hands. The pasta should remain on the table, which makes it easy to roll and keeps it from breaking. The first time you make it the pasta may not turn out like you want, but keep trying. Real noodles are an unforgettable and tasty experience!

Cook the pasta immediately. Fill a deep pot with water, add salt and bring to a boil. Without lowering the heat, put the pasta into the water for 3-5 minutes. Don't stir the pasta, otherwise it will clump. Then, put the pasta into a strainer and rinse with cold water. After that put the pasta in a deep dish and coat it with vegetable oil so it won't stick together.

If you do use store bought noodles, use regular spaghetti. This has the right texture to eat with a thick dish like лагман.

Давай приготовим!

Традиционный лагман

Для соуса:

- 500 граммов баранины
- 0,5 л мясного бульона
- 2 крупных болгарских перца
- 2 помидора
- 1 луковица
- 1 зеленая редька
- 1 головка чеснока
- растительное масло
- зелень (укроп, петрушка)

Для лапши:

- 1 кг муки
- 300 мл теплой воды
- 2-3 яйца
- 1 ч.л. уксуса
- щепотка соли

Приготовление лапши:

Насыпьте муку горкой в глубокую посуду, сделайте небольшое углубление и влейте слегка взбитые яйца и чуть теплую воду. Начинайте тщательно вымешивать тесто, стараясь не добавлять лишней муки. Вымешивайте и с силой разминайте тесто до тех пор, пока оно не станет совершенно однородным и пластичным. Чем сильнее и дольше вы вымешиваете тесто, тем эластичнее и прочнее оно получится, тем легче и проще вам будет вытянуть из него лапшу позднее. Хорошо вымешанное тесто скатайте в шар, оберните пищевой пленкой и уберите в прохладное место на полчаса - час.

Готовое тесто разделите на несколько кусков и скатайте в толстые жгуты. Каждый жгут тщательно смажьте растительным маслом и оставьте на 10-15 минут. После этого начинайте растягивать тесто. Сначала аккуратно прокручивайте его между ладонями, стараясь не допускать разрывов лапши. Затем каждую полоску теста складывайте вдвое и растягивайте руками. Жгуты лапши следует постоянно смазывать растительным маслом и при растягивании периодически слегка ударять об стол, что поможет легче растянуть лапшу и не даст ей оборваться. Повторяйте складывание и растягивание снова и снова, до тех пор, пока у вас в руках не получится целый моток длинной и тонкой лапши. Конечно, с первого раза лапша может не получиться такой тонкой и красивой, как хотелось бы, но практика и старание всегда на вашей стороне.

Готовую лапшу необходимо сразу же отварить. Для этого в глубокую кастрюлю налейте воды, добавьте соль и дайте воде закипеть. Не убавляя огонь, аккуратно опустите лапшу в сильно кипящую воду на 3-5 минут. Не перемешивайте лапшу, иначе она спутается и слипнется! Отварив лапшу, откиньте ее на дуршлаг и сразу же обдайте холодной проточной водой. После этого переложите вашу лапшу в глубокую посуду и тщательно смажьте растительным маслом, чтобы она не слипалась.  

В том случае, если приготовление лапши кажется вам слишком сложным и трудоемким процессом, вы можете заменить ее готовыми спагетти. В этом случае постарайтесь выбрать настоящие итальянские спагетти самого лучшего качества.

Приготовление соуса:

Порежьте мясо мелкими кубиками и обжарьте в растительном масле.

Добавьте бульон.

Порежьте луковицу и перец, слегка обжарьте и добавьте к мясу. В общем, многие рецепты гласят, что овощи должны готовиться вместе, но я предпочитаю делать иначе:

Обжарьте лук и редьку, добавьте измельченный чеснок.

Добавьте к овощам помидоры или томатную пасту.

Сложите мясо, лук, перец, редьку и помидоры в одну кастрюлю и добавьте 1,5 – 2 стакана бульона.

Выложите в глубокую тарелку лапшу, сверху добавьте соус, потом добавьте еще по одному слою лапши и соуса. Если соус получился слишком густым, разбавьте его небольшим количеством бульона.

Перед подачей на стол посыпьте зеленью.

Traditional Lagmann 

Ingredients for the sauce:

- 500 grams roast lamb
- 0.5 liters meat broth
- 2 sweet peppers
- 2 tomatoes
- one onion
- one green radish
- one head of garlic
- vegetable oil
- dill, parsley

For the pasta:

- 1 kg of flour
- 300 ml of lukewarm water
- 2-3 eggs
- 1 tsp vinegar
- pinch of salt

Making pasta:

Pour the flour into a deep bowl, make a well, gently pour in the beaten eggs, and lukewarm water. Mix into a tight dough, (extra flour may be added if necessary but try to avoid it or the dough will be too thick to stretch!). Then aggressively knead the dough until it's homogenouss and stretchy. The longer and stronger you knead the dough, the more elastic and adhesive it becomes, making it easier for you to stretch it later. Make the dough into a ball, wrap it in cellophane, and put in a cool place for thirty minutes to an hour.

Divide the dough into pieces and roll it into thick strands. Carefully coat each strand with vegetable oil and let them sit for 10-15 minutes. After that, start to stretch the dough. Start by rolling the dough tightly between your palms and the table, trying not to break it. Fold each strip in half and keep stretching. Keep oiling the strands and lightly strike them on the table from time to time, it will help it stretch without breaking. Keep folding and stretching the noodles until you have a whole bundle of thin long strands of dough. The first time you makelagmann, the pasta may not turn out like you want, but keep trying. Real noodles are an unforgettable and tasty experience!

Cook the pasta immediately. Fill a deep pot with water, add salt and bring to a boil. Without lowering the heat, put the pasta into the water for 3-5 minutes. Don't stir the pasta, otherwise it will clump. Then, put the pasta into a strainer and rinse with cold water. After that put the pasta in a deep dish and coat it with vegetable oil so it won't stick together.

If the process of making noodles seems to difficult, it may be replaced with high quality Italian spaghetti.

Making Sauce:

Cut the meat into small cubes.  Put the meat into a pan with 3 tablespoons of oil and cook for 7 minutes.

Add the broth.

Cut the onion and peppers,sautéé them, and add to the meat. In general, recipes say that all the vegetables need to be cooked together, but I've created different method:

Fry the onion and radish, then add minced garlic.

Then add the tomatoes or tomato paste.

Combine everything – meat, onions and peppers, radish with tomatoes, in one pot, and pour in 1.5-2 cups of broth. 

Next plate some of the pasta. Pour the sauce on, then add more pasta, and more of the soup. If the soup turns out to be too thick, dilute it with more broth.

Then top with greens (dill, parsley).

 

Овощной (вегетарианский) лагман

- 1-2 ст. л. растительного масла
- 2 луковицы
- 2 крупных сладких перца
- 400 гр картофеля, кубиками
- 100 гр ростков сои
- 4 помидора, порезать
- 1 ст воды
- Чеснок
- Приправы по желанию
- Соль

Вегетарианцы могут приготовить вкусный и ароматный лагман совершенно без мяса. Обжарьте лук в масле до золотистого цвета, добавьте порезанный перец и готовьте еще три минуты. Добавьте к овощам картофель, нарезанный кубиками, и обжарьте его до золотистого цвета. Добавьте 100 гр соевого соуса и порезанные помидоры, и потушите смесь еще пять минут. После этого добавьте стакан воды, измельченный чеснок, ваши любимые приправы и соль, по вкусу. Готовьте все вместе до желаемой готовности овощей. Постарайтесь, чтобы картофель не разварился в пюре! Выложите в глубокую тарелку лапшу, сверху добавьте соус и посыпьте зеленью.

Эти и другие рецепты - здесь.

Vegetarian Лагман

- 1-2 tablespoons oil
- 2 onions
- 2 sweet peppers
- 400 grams potatoes, cubed
- 100 grams soy bean sprouts
- 4 tomatoes, diced
- 1 cup water
- Garlic, minced
- Seasonings
- Salt

Vegetarians can prepare delightfully delicious and aromatic лагман perfectly without meat. Put four teaspoons of oil in a pan, saute two onions until golden, then add two large sliced peppers and cook for another three minutes. Cut 400 grams of potatoes into cubes and cook with the onions and peppers until golden. Then add 100 grams of soy sauce and four diced tomatoes, and cook everything together for another five minutes. Next add a cup of water, minced garlic, your favorite seasonings, and salt. Bring the water to a boil and cook everything together until all the vegetables are done. Make sure the potatoes don't fall apart! Then put the pasta in a bowl, add a thick layer of soup, and top with greens (dill, parsley).

These and other recipes may be found here.

Our Favorite Лагман Videos

This video shows a culinary amateur making noodles in her kitchen. It may be helpful for those just starting. Notice how her hands are oily and she slowly, carefully stretches the noodles into thin strands.

A seasoned veteran prepares лагман at a restaurant in Chicago. Though copying her technique may be difficult, notice how she begins with rolling the dough on the table, and the speed with which she stretches the dough evinces maximum elasticity.

A homely gentleman takes you through the whole process from start to finish. The Russian-language narration goes pretty slowly, which might be annoying to some, but probably welcomed by folks looking to practice their listening skills. The music is also an entertaining plus.


Study Abroad
in Russia
Moscow  State University is Russia's largest.

SRAS Travel
Services
 
SRAS    Travel Services - Russia Your Way

The Library:
Religion in Russia

Click for    more information about Religion in Russia

Find Out More!

Health and Safety in Russia
The SRAS Newsletter
The SRAS Library on Russia
Eurasian Regions and Cities
Journal for Students
More Free Resources! 

 

Questions or comments?
Contact the editor



« back to Eurasian Cookbook archive