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STUDENT GUIDE TO RUSSIA  / COMMON QUESTIONS ABOUT SRAS PROGRAMS
24.01.2016


Frequently Asked Questions
Everything you ever wanted to know...

 
Frequently Asked Questions about study abraod in Russia with SRAS
Picture from SRAS
graduate A. Sanders

If you have any problems finding your answer on this page, try pressing Ctrl-F and type a keyword into your browser's search function. We've tried to arrange these questions in as logical an order as possible through the table of contents below, but the range of questions about study abroad in SRAS host countries is vast and highly varied. If you can't find your answer here, you can always contact us!   

 

Table of Contents:

  1. Education Abroad
  2. Russian Language Acquisition
  3. Degree Studies

  

1. Eligibility      (back to top)
Except in cases where specific programs list specific requirements, anyone who is over 18 years of age and who has already earned a high school diploma may apply for our courses. Applicants need NOT be a student at a university or college. SRAS does not discriminate based on age, sex, race, or any other factor.

What if I don’t know any Russian (Polish/Kyrgyz/etc.)?
This is not a problem for the vast majority of SRAS programs. For those few programs that require previous language training, the program pages online will expressly state so. Language level is most likely to affect those looking for internships as what you can do and where you can be placed will obviously be affected by your current language skills. However, even then, there are placements available for interns with limited or even no experience with the local language. Limited language skills may make navigating foreign cities more difficult as, of course, most of the locals won't speak English. However, we’ve had plenty of students without knowledge of the local language study on our programs and enjoy themselves – it is a bit stressful in the beginning, but it is not impossible to get by and it is a pretty incredible experience you will draw on for the rest of your life. Take the challenge!

What if I am not a US resident?
You are still eligible for our programs in most cases (inquire with us), but you will do any visa processing yourself if you are located outside the US – we will ship you the visa support document (visa invitation) and advise you on the process.

What if I am under 18?
Unfortunately you will have to wait until you are 18 for insurance reasons. That does not mean you cannot start planning your study abroad program now – contact us and we’ll help you plan how best to integrate your study abroad experience with the rest of your career goals.

What if I am not currently a student anywhere?
Not a problem. We regularly host non-traditional students – which can include those just graduated, between programs, those taking a hiatus from a hectic career, or retired. Some locations/programs may be better suited depending on your situation – so contact us!

What if I have disability?
While some improvements have been made in major cities, Russia is about 50 years (or more) behind the times when it comes to accommodating disabilities, especially in areas like wheelchair access and social understanding of things like service dogs. It is a real problem and you should contact us about whether we can help set something up. Another good resource is Mobility International USA (MIUSA), which provides a wealth of information related to traveling or studying abroad with disabilities.

 

2. Program Recommendations       (back to top)

What if I want the most up-to-date information on any/all of your programs?
The most up-to-date information on any of our programs is found on our website, on the program pages. If you have questions you can’t find the answers to on the program page, contact us. We’ll be happy to help!

Can I contact former SRAS students for their opinions?  
Yes. Upon request, we will be happy to forward you a list of references to contact either by phone or by email. You can also click here to see what students have to say about SRAS.

For credit transfer, what programs are best?
All SRAS programs are eligible to receive academic credit from your home institution. However, the decision of whether or not to award that credit is solely at the discretion of your home institution and its particular rules. You should contact your academic advisor at home to find out what requirements and restrictions your home institution has. All official certificates and transcripts are issued by the host university and supported by documentation from SRAS. It is strongly recommended that you obtain prior approval for credit from your home university before beginning your studies abroad.

I want immersion. What program would you recommend?
How immersed you are mostly depends on – you. To avoid English and really use your new language, you must make the decision to get out, get active, make mistakes, and learn. That said, heading to smaller locations can help. Moscow and St. Petersburg have the greatest number of English speakers and the largest expat networks, but it is not particularly difficult to avoid either if you try. Locations outside of Moscow and St. Petersburg do provide less temptation to hang out with English speakers, and sometimes better opportunities to make local friends. This is partly because such cities (and hence the university communities) are smaller, and partly because English-speaking foreigners are more of a novelty. Living in a home stay is one great way to become more immersion in the culture – you will have more everyday transactions in your target language, and it provides a window into the local everyday life and mentality than you might have otherwise. Study during the academic year can be more conducive to immersian as there are far more tourists and study abroad students abroad during the summer. In short, for the most immersive experience possible, you might consider an academic year-long program with a home stay option in Irkutsk or Vladivostok, Russia, or Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

I’m interested in international relations. What program would you recommend?
If your Russian skills are advanced, the best option would be our MGIMO Visiting Scholar Program, the premier school in Russia for studies in international relations, international law, and international economics. Courses are taught in Russian. If your Russian isn't so advanced, your best option would be to enroll in our Russian Studies Semester. You would take some Russian language classes as part of the program core, and take subject courses in English. Lots of our other programs cover international relations as well.

Are there any programs that have some classes taught in English?
Yes, look at our program pages – most of those listed as being for "beginners" or "all levels" will generally combine Russian language with classes in English on various subjects. Courses in Poland come with no language requirement and are taught entirely in English. If you are interested in a particular subject, we might be able to arrange individual study in English on that topic as a supplemental course to your regular program – contact us.

What program would you recommend if I’m interested in art?
Our Art and Museums in Russia program deserves special attention. It is hosted at the Hermitage, the most famous art museum in St. Petersburg, Russia. It is not only for art students but for anyone with a strong interest in the arts and culture as a way of understanding the people and history of Russia. We strongly recommend considering it.

How can I best integrate study abroad into my long-term education?
We recommend a summer abroad after your first year of college study (to introduce you to your country of choice), followed by a semester or year of intensive study abroad during your third year, with language, history, and culture classes taken at your home university in between. This schedule not only provides intensive vocabulary development at the appropriate stages of your language career, but also provides you with experiences that will shape your studies ahead.

 

3. Program Rules     (back to top)

Can I study in more than one location?
Most SRAS programs will allow study in more than one university, so long as you spend a full semester at each university. Students should be aware, however, that changing universities requires changing visas, which requires a trip outside of Russia to collect the new visa from a consulate. While student visas can be renewed in Russia, for instance, new visas, which must be issued if you change your host-university, can only be received at a consultant outside of Russia according to Russian legislation.

Can I travel during my program?
Contact us about specific travel plans. Generally, weekend travel within your host country is encouraged. However, students should inform SRAS of their travel plans for safety reasons and so that we can advise on any visa or academic conflicts that might be incurred. For more extensive travel, most universities will allow up to two weeks after the program ends if you are on a program in which you are studying more than three months. Note that if you are studying less than three months in Russia, you will have a single entry visa, which means you will not be able to leave Russia during the program as this will cancel the visa and you will be denied re-entry.

Can I find my own housing?
In most of our study locations you can find your own housing, but there may be some university paperwork requirements of your hosts/landlord as concern visa registration. All SRAS programs include dormitory accommodation unless otherwise specified, so if you set up your own accommodation you can be reimbursed any cost for the dorms (which are generally very inexpensive). Inquire with us for the exact amount. See our housing page for more information on housing types and our accommodations page in our travel services section for help if you are still looking for accommodations abroad.  

Can I bring someone along with me on my program?
All visitors to a foreign country must abide by the visa laws of that country; it is possible for you to bring someone along, but they may need to enroll in a program at the same university in order to get a student visa in that location, or get another type of visa. Inquire with us for advice on your particular situation. We can help obtain a visa for your travel partner as well as assist with accommodations.

Can I bring my children abroad while I participate in the program? What about family housing?
Children must generally be on the same type of visa as their parent. Unfortunately, it is becoming increasingly rare for most universities to sponsor the visas of a student’s family members – inquire with us for any current universities that will still do this. Family housing can be a problem – Russian family dorms, for instance, are intended for long-term degree students, so they are given priority, and they always fill up very quickly. Home stay is an option, but conditions will be very crowded and most hosts will not agree to having children. If you are determined to overcome the obstacles, contact us.

Why are academic courses required with most internships?
Labor laws and laws regulating foreigners are stringent. Internships must be documented as educational programs to avoid documenting the student as a foreign employee, which can be prohibitively expensive. Thus, SRAS and most internship hosts usually require that the intern arrive on the basis of a student visa. Student visas require the intern to additionally spend time in a classroom with the institution sponsoring the visa.

When are academic courses not required with internships?
Internships are available without an accompanying academic program only if the applicant can prove that he/she meets four conditions. 1) He/she already has housing available (shown with a letter from the landlord or friend or relative that he/she will be staying with). 2) He/she will have appropriate registration (shown with a letter from the registered owner of the property at which the student will be staying). 3) He/she will already have an appropriate visa or has a local passport. 4) He/she has advanced language skills (in the local language) and qualifications for the position desired. In this case, applications must be received at least three months in advance of the intended start date. Internship placement and service fee is $1295 and includes placement and support. 

What if I want to stay when my internship ends?
In some cases, internships may be extended so long as the academic program is also extended. Also, as in any internship in any country, there is always the possibility that your internship may turn into a real job offer. The reality of this usually revolves around both your performance and your circumstances — if you already have a degree, are prepared to spend considerable time abroad, what experience you have that a local does not, what sort of salary you expect, etc. All of the complexities of job-hunting at home are magnified when considering long-term employment abroad. To accept a job offer, you will need to transition to a work visa. Make sure that your HR department will make appropriate arrangements for this before accepting any offer. See our page on Working in Russia and/or contact us for more advice.

Can I contact past students and interns?
Yes. Contact us for more information. You can also click here to see some to see what past students say about us.

 

4. Money     (back to top)

Are there scholarships and funding available for SRAS programs?
Yes. We've listed literally everything we've ever heard of on this page.  

When do I need to pay for my program?
Besides paying the application visa and deposit upon application (see section one, above), you will need to pay the visa processing fees within two weeks after acceptance unless otherwise indicated online on your Enrollment Status Page (opened after you register on our site). Full payment of program fees must be made four weeks prior to departure. Deferrals are only granted for those amounts guaranteed by loans or scholarships.

What if I’m applying for a scholarship and my enrollment is contingent upon receiving this funding?
In this case you should still go ahead and apply, but be sure to note on the application that your participation in the program depends on receiving the scholarship. The application fee will be non-refundable, but the deposit will be refundable if you forward us a letter of rejection from the scholarship source before expenses related to the visa are incurred.

How easy is it to find a job to earn some spending money while abroad?
You should always familiarize yourself carefully with local labor laws before accepting employment. Generally, foreigners will be restricted from working paying jobs while abroad. English teaching opportunities are usually the easiest to obtain, but should still be considered carefully. Keep in mind that: 1) You won’t be able to work full-time because of your study schedule, 2) you can't be legally hired nor can you legally work without the proper documentation. For additional information on working in Russia, click here.

What expenses do I need to budget for?
Besides the tuition as outlined on the program page, you additionally need to budget for airfare. You will also need to budget for food, entertainment, incidentals, etc. For breakdowns of costs of living in various cities, see Numbeo.com, which crowdsources cost information to give you cost ranges to plan for basic needs.

Are refunds possible?
After you have applied for your SRAS program, SRAS immediately begins the process of arranging your visa, housing, tuition, and other program components as listed and needed. All of these things take time, and must be arranged and paid for well in advance to make sure that students will be able to easily and safely enter their host country and begin their program. Once funds are committed, they are non-refundable. Based on this fact, our refund policy is as follows:

  1. Application fees are not refundable. 
  2. Deposits are refundable only before you receive your acceptance letter. The only exception to this rule is if you make it very clear upon applying that your ability to participate in the program is entirely dependent upon funding (such as FLAS awards, Gilman Scholarships, etc.) for which you have applied. Upon presentation of a letter of denial of funding from that source, we can refund the deposit, less any costs that may have been incurred up until that point.
  3. Tuition (less deposit and any expenses incurred) is fully refundable if we are notified in writing at least 30 days before your departure date. Internship fees are also refundable at this point, minus a penalty fee of $250 (this is in addition to the $250 non-refundable deposit). 
  4. If we are notified 20-30 days prior, a full refund less the greater of either the deposit + visa fee or 20% of the total program cost can be given. 
  5. If 10-20 days, a full refund less the greater of either the deposit + visa fee or 35% of total program cost.
  6. If 1-9 days a full refund less the greater of either the deposit + visa fee or 50% of total program cost.
  7. No refund can be given after your arrival abroad.

Can the GI Bill be applied to a study abroad program?
Regarding the GI Bill, there are two key points to be aware of: 1) It can only be applied to degree studies. Language courses don’t count. Even if you are taking language courses as preparation to enter degree studies, they don’t qualify for the GI Bill. 2) If you are considering applying for degree studies abroad, keep in mind that with very few exceptions you must already be able to speak the local language to enroll. Otherwise, you will have to take a year-long language preparatory course (again, the GI Bill will not cover this). You can find the list of schools that are currently approved here. If you do not speak the language and cannot afford to enroll in a year-long language preparatory course, your best bet is to use the GI Bill for degree studies in the US and have them approve study abroad as part of the degree.

What if I have to use the Fly America Act?
Usually, the Fly America Act will pertain to students on certain government-sponsored funding sources. The act stipulates that you have to fly on an American carrier (such as Delta) as far as it is possible before switching to a non-US carrier, (such as Aeroflot). Note that there will be difference in luggage restrictions for domestic tickets for travel within one country and tickets for international flights. All students who will need to change flights or airlines should read our section on international airfare.

 

5. Applying      (back to top)

How do I apply?
Click "Login" at the top right-hand corner of any page on our site. From there, the entire process is self-guiding and online for your convenience. Once you have completed the online form, you will receive an email from SRAS about the status of your application, usually within three to five business days. You should submit the application fee ($40) and deposit ($250) immediately. The application fee is not refundable. The deposit is refundable if you are not accepted or if you withdraw your application before acceptance. See section three of this page for more about our refund policy.

What if I've missed the deadline?
SRAS can accept late applications for most programs. You should contact an SRAS representative as soon as possible to discuss your options. Late fees may apply.

What if I’ve already applied? Do I need to do it again?
If you have applied in the past, just update your information and submit the new application fee and deposit – no need to start from the beginning. If you don’t remember your password, let us know.

What are the application deadlines?  
Deadlines are listed on each program page. If you are applying for an internship or customized programs, we recommend applying as early as possible.

Where should I have my recommendation sent?
Your recommendation can be sent to us by email.

How long should the application essay be?
The essay should be about 500 words. Clarity is more important than volume.

 

6. Newly Accepted Students' Common Questions      (back to top)

How will I know what the next step is for the visa process?
Once you have applied and been accepted, SRAS closely monitors the visa process and will guide you through the visa process. You will also have your own SRAS login page with a list of tasks to be completed and the date they need to be completed by. Be sure to check this page and your email frequently.

When do I need to send my passport in the mail?
Since we can process your invitation using a scan of your passport we will not need your actual passport until after the invitation is ready. This means we will need your passport about one month before your program start date (earlier if you plan to enter the country earlier than the program start date – but you’ll need to let us know about such plans before the visa process begins at all!)

How do I get to my host country? Does SRAS have group flights?
Each student will purchase his or her own individual airfare. For advice and resources for purchasing international airfare, click here. As part of the post-acceptance process, you will be asked to fill out the "travel section" on your SRAS account page with your flight information. From this information, we arrange your airport pickup and transportation to the university dorms or homestay, depending on which option you chose.

Can I travel around Europe or China before entering my host country for my program?
Contact us if you plan to travel before your program. Generally, it is assumed that any visa needed will be delivered to you in your home country. Especially if you plan to study in Russia, you may need to travel home or travel to a specific consulate in Europe to receive your visa. This can add expense to your plans.

Do I need any special immunizations to travel to my host country?
You do not need any special immunizations. Programs in Russia will require an HIV test. Some host universities may require additional medical tests upon arrival. Your SRAS consultant will inform of you of any additional requirements.

Can I bring my medication for mental or psychological disorders abroad?
Medication for personal use may be brought with you in almost all cases. Note that medication for many mental or psychological disorders, such as ADD, ADHD, and depression is not sold in SRAS host countries. Many drugs have no analogues available either and, as the drugs are not generally recognized by the Ministries of Health in these countries, shipping is usually restricted as well. All students who need to maintain a medication regimen should a) consult with their doc and insurance company first about options, and then b) contact the CISI assistance team (SRAS can provide the contacts) as they can check specific medications and options for obtaining it in a specific country. Generally, for SRAS locations, you will usually have to bring a supply with you to last the duration of your stay. For more information on bring medication abroad, please see our packing list.

If I don’t have the original of the HIV test, is a copy OK?
Yes!

When do I need the HIV test, and what are the requirements?
The HIV test is not needed at the time of invitation processing; it is needed only for consulate processing. In practical terms this means you should plan on getting your HIV test results about 1.5 months before your program starts. Note that the test cannot be more than three months old (based on your entry date). The test must be a blood/serum test (and be clearly labelled as such). The results MUST have your name and the date on it, must be signed by the doctor and/or lab specialist (with indication of the name, title, and job title of the person signing), the results of the test must be negative, and the document must be printed on the official letterhead of the clinic where the test was administered. You will be given instructions on where to ship the results as well as the other visa materials at the appropriate time.

When will I know my class schedule?
For most SRAS host locations, groups are based on test results and thus the final group and teacher assignments can only be made after you are tested at the host university after you arrive abroad. While SRAS does offer testing and assessment on its site, its partner universities require that their own written tests be taken in person in Russia. Generally, language courses begin on the second or third business day after you arrive (to allow for testing and for you to sleep off some jet-lag). Because most SRAS students take language courses as part of their program, generally subject courses will not finalized until after arrival as well - even for those students who are not taking language courses. Courses tend to be held between 9am and 3pm, but your final schedule will depend on your group placement, course selection, and special requests you may make.

What about books and class materials?
Books are assigned after you are placed in your class and can differ based on your assigned teacher and determined level. Class books are generally comparatively cheap in Russia, although students should come prepared to spend up to fifty dollars per semester.

Who will be in my classes?
Most program pages have specific information on who you should expect to be studying with. RS-100/200/300/400 (the Russian language component included in most of our programs) are taught through each university's program for foreigners and will likely contain students from non-SRAS programs as well. These students may be from literally anywhere in the world although European and Asian countries are most highly represented. These courses typically contain five to ten students, but occasionally have as many as fifteen or as little as two, depending on that year's enrollment and other factors. Most of our other programs are SRAS-specific courses. In order to present complex material that is normally covered in multiple courses, the university faculty cooperates with SRAS to offer special intensive courses, often in English, to individuals and small groups. Class size typically ranges from one to five but can be more. Most of our courses advertised as being in Russian-only are regular Russian university courses that SRAS students may join if they have particularly advanced Russian skills. In this case, your classmates will be mostly Russians. Class size can vary greatly.

When will I get my transcript?
You should make sure that you have entered the address where the transcript should be sent on your enrollment page online. Transcripts are usually ready a few weeks after the program ends and will be sent to that address. If you have any questions on the process, you may contact us to ask. 

 

7. Education Abroad      (back to top)

What is an academic hour?
As is the case in many countries, Russian universities run on academic hours. An academic hour in Russia, depending on the specific host institution, is usually either 40 or 45 minutes, the time in between used to get to another classroom and for you and the teachers to have a mental break. In most language programs, when groups are small and there is no need to change classrooms, academic hours are often done in "pairs" with only a short 5 minute break between. This "compactness" of your schedule can often be confusing and you might think you are studying for less hours than you are. Questions of academic credit nearly always assume academic hours.

How do they grade abroad?
Most institutions use a grading scale of one to five. Some additionally use plus and minus. Some institutions will actually write out "Excellent," "Good," "Fair," etc. These marks are then converted to US letter grade equivalents if you need to transfer credits. Grades are determined as outlined on course materials; they are usually a combination of in-class participation, short quizzes, written assignments, and/or exams.

What is an academic year abroad?
The academic year, with slight variations from university to university, runs from September 1 until approximately June 30. As with any university, the first week is a lot of paperwork, testing, and settling in and the last month can be mainly exams. It is possible to shorten your semesters to fit the US academic schedule for most programs. Degree students and UPC students in Russia should follow the Russian academic calendar. The semester break is usually in January for students following this calendar. A list of state holidays can be found here for Russia, here for Poland, and here for Kyrgyzstan.

What else is different?
Classes tend to be dominated by the teacher much more abroad than in America. While America has developed a tradition of class discussions, many locations abroad focus traditionally on lecture and memorization. Classrooms are more formal places abroad. Students will usually dress up (at minimum, hats and clothes usually reserved for sleeping or sport will not be worn to class. Eating is not typically allowed during class. Texting during class is extremely rude. Teachers are to be greeted and addressed with formal respect unless they give you permission to do otherwise. Many classes are quite small and thus you behavior is much more likely to be noticed (and noted in the "participation" portion of your grade).

What are the language departments like? 
Post-Communist countries have a long history of teaching the Russian language to foreigners. An active program (initiated by the Soviet Union) of recruiting students internationally meant intensive language training was necessary, as few students knew even the Cyrillic alphabet. Students needed to enter degree studies after a one-year preparatory course, able to compete with their native Russian classmates. A methodology for intensive Russian language training was developed and continues today. Professional teachers of Russian have studied the teaching of Russian to foreigners as either degree study or as a component of their philology or other language studies. Departments of Russian for Foreigners exist in most major universities. The size of the department - sometimes it is just a small division - depends on the number of foreign students normally enrolled. In large cities, at least one university will have an extensive center, where students undergo preparatory courses. Large universities with a strong humanities base will also offer Russian language study within the philology (or similar) faculty.

Where can I find out more about the Russian education system?
See this short developmental history written by SRAS Program Director Renee Stillings.
Contact SRAS with any additional questions you may have.

Why Russia?
For more reasons to study Russian, see this Russian Life article, this list of reasons from professionals and government authorities, or this list of interviews with students and professionals who have worked or are working in Russia already.

 

8. Russian Language Acquisition       (back to top)

How quickly can I learn Russian?
Of course, the answer for this differs from student to student and can depend on your aptitude, if you already know a second or third language, your study habits and personality type, and many other factors. It also depends on how you will be looking to measure your Russian skills to judge if you have "learned" the language. There are several measures developed by several different organizations to approximate how long it takes the average student to reach a certain level of ability. We've outlined some major ones below - from the Russian Ministry of Education, the US Department of State, the US Department of Defense, The Council of Europe, and from SRAS Partner Liden & Denz.

     a. The Russian Ministry of Education has outlined the following hours that it expects a student would have to complete in order to gain proficiency in relation to TORFL levels. TORFL is the measure of proficiency officially recognized by the Russian government. The Ministry also states, however, that these hours are only suggested and may vary substantially based on student ability and other factors.

Elementary Level: 100-120 hours
Basic Level – 180-200 (in addition to the previous hours)
TORFL 1 – 160-180 (in addition to the previous hours)
TORFL 2 – 380 (in addition to the previous hours)
TORFL 3 – 280 (in addition to the previous hours)

TORFL 1 is basic conversational fluency. TORFL 3 is needed for admission to graduate programs in Russian universities. Find out more about TORFL levels here.

 

     b. The US Department of State uses a three-tier category system as outlined in the chart below. 

 The figures usually cited in answer to this question are those used by the US Department of State or the US Department of Defense. These are figures based on average class time needed for students to reach an acceptable professional proficiency in the target language.

Language "Categories"

Class hours to achieve goal

Category I:  Languages closely cognate with English.

French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Afrikaans, etc.

575-600

Category II:  Languages with significant linguistic and/or cultural differences from English.

Albanian, Amharic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Finnish, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Khmer, Latvian, Nepali, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese, Zulu.

1100

Category III:  Languages which are exceptionally difficult for native English speakers to learn to speak and/or read: 

Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean

2200


     c. The Department of Defense (DoD) divides the languages they teach into four groups as follows: 

  • Group I: Languages included: Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, French, Haitian Creole, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
  • Group II: Bulgarian, Dari, Farsi, German, Greek, Hindi-Urdu, Indonesian, Malay
  • Group III:  Amharic, Bengali, Burmese, Czech, Finnish, Hebrew, Hungarian, Cambodian, Lao, Nepali, Filipino, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhala, Thai, Turkish, Vietnamese
  • Group VI:  Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean.

While each language has its own curriculum and requirements from the military, a Russian course taken from the Defense Language Institute (which is directly connected with the Department of Defense), will run about 1600 classroom (academic) hours to completion for a professional grasp deemed appropriate to DoD work. The chart below shows the number of hours needed to achieve a "basic professional knowledge" of a language. Note that this information is taken from old DLI information and is not included in new DLI information (each language is now listed with its own prerequisites and curriculum), but the numbers still seem to hold roughly true in most cases.  

    Information on the Groups

Group

I

II

III

VI

Hours needed to reach Level-2 Proficiency*  480  720  720  1320
Speaking proficiency level expected of a student with superior language aptitude, after 720 hours of instruction 

 3

2+/3

2/2+

1+

 

So what does that mean?
It means that if you study for eight classroom hours a day and studied five days a week, you would have a working knowledge of Russian in about four and half months (one semester). Note that this does not mean that you would be fluent, but simply able to comprehend and express basic day-to-day phrases and thoughts. Advanced skills (able to negotiate and express complex ideas eloquently) can be obtained after several more months of intense study.

Study abroad can greatly speed this process by providing more opportunity for practice (more "classroom hours" provided in real situations on the street, in shops, etc.). However, it can really only do this if you avoid speaking English and use your time abroad to seek out Russian friends who will let you practice with them and correct you when you make major mistakes. It should also be noted that the estimates above assume that the student is serious, attends and participates in class, and studies diligently outside of class.  

It is safe to say that students with some background in Russian can advance faster than those who come without basic skills and need to spend much of their time trying to "survive" in a foreign land without the language.

*What exactly is level two?
As defined by the Defense Language Institute (again, by old information - the new information breaks down proficiencies by several skills such as speaking, reading, and writing): 

"Able to satisfy routine social demands and limited work requirements. Can handle routine work-related interactions that are limited in scope. In more complex and sophisticated work-related tasks, language usage generally disturbs the native speaker. Can handle with confidence, but not with facility, most normal, high-frequency social conversational situations including extensive, but casual conversations about current events, as well as work, family, and autobiographical information. The individual can get the gist of most everyday conversations but has some difficulty understanding native speakers in situations that require specialized or sophisticated knowledge. The individual's utterances are minimally cohesive. Linguistic structure is usually not very elaborate and not thoroughly controlled; errors are frequent. Vocabulary use is appropriate for high-frequency utterances, but unusual or imprecise elsewhere. While these interactions will vary widely from individual to individual, the individual can typically ask and answer predictable questions in the workplace and give straightforward instructions to subordinates. Additionally, the individual can participate in personal and accommodation-type interactions with elaboration and facility; that is, can give and understand complicated, detailed, and extensive directions and make non-routine changes in travel and accommodation arrangements. Simple structures and basic grammatical relations are typically controlled; however, there are areas of weakness. In the commonly taught languages, these may be simple markings such as plurals, articles, linking words, and negatives or more complex structures such as tense/aspect usage, case morphology, passive constructions, word order, and embedding."

 

     d. The Council of Europe has come up with the following categories of language proficiency.

Levels according to the European Language Portfolio
(Council of Europe)

Level Description
 A1
Beginner

Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

 A2
Elementary

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to
areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

 B1
Intermediate

Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar
matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal
with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where
the language is spoken. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

 B2
Upper Intermediate

Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes
regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain
for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

 C1
Advanced

Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much
obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

 

     e. SRAS partner Liden & Denz has estimated that the following teaching hours are needed to achieve these levels.

Corresponding teaching levels at the Liden & Denz Language Centres

Teaching Level Lessons (weeks) [1]  Active Vocabilary TRKI exam level

 A1
(Beginner)

40 (2 weeks)  200 words or constructions

 

 A1+
(Beginner+)

80 (4 weeks) 600 words or constructions (TEU)

 A2
Elementary

100 (5 weeks) 1000-1200 words or constructions  

 A2+
(Elementary+)

100 (5 weeks) 1300-1500 words or constructions (TBU)

 B1
(Lower-Intermediate)

80 (4 weeks) 1800 words or constructions

 B1+
(Intermediate)

80 (4 weeks) 2200 words or constructions -1
(TRKI-1)

 B2   [2]
(Upper Intermediate)

200 (10 weeks) 3500 words or constructions

 B2+   [2]
(Lower-advanced)

200 (10 weeks) 4500 words or constructions -2
(TRKI-2)

 C1   [3]
(Advanced)

160 (8 weeks) 6000 words or constructions

-3
(TRKI-3)

 

1) average number of lessons (each 50 minutes) for a standard group course;

2) open group courses not available year round;

3) rarely requested level; only taught in One-to-one or closed group classes.

What would the total cost be for degree studies with SRAS’ enrollment assistance?
The exact cost is the SRAS Direct Enrollment fee + tuition + housing. Tuition and housing depends on the university you would like to apply to and the particular faculty (history, economics, mathematics, etc). Contact us for more info.

 

9. Degree Studies in Russia       (back to top)
SRAS can help students to enrol in degree courses abroad. Students entering degree studies abroad will generally need to speak the language of their host country. For Russia, students must pass a language exam called the Test of Russian as a Foreign Language (TORFL)This exam is given at the end of the preparatory courses, or by arrangement upon arrival at the university. Any student can arrange to take this exam at select universities. There is a fee for arranging the testing, which involves written and oral sections. Practice tests can be found on our site.

Do I have to be able to speak Russian to apply for a degree program?
Yes. You need to be able to pass the Level One TORFL exam for entry to a bachelors-equivalent program. If you will cannot pass that test (usually taken in Russia), you will need to take a year-long preparatory course. If you are unsure of your language level you might try taking our online TORFL practice test. If you think you might need a refresher before taking the official TORFL exam in Russia we can arrange a language program in Russia focused on helping you pass the exam. More information can be found on our page dedicated to degree studies.

What are the admissions requirements for degree studies in Russia?
The specific requirements will depend on the individual university and on the area of study, but you can get a general idea by looking at this page.

Can I still apply for degree studies in Russia if I haven’t taken the TORFL yet?
Yes, you can still apply. Universities often let you take the exam after you arrive for the semester, but it all depends on each individual faculty. Contact us for more info!

With Degree Studies and Visiting Scholar programs, am I stuck in the faculty I apply to?
At the bigger universities you enroll by faculty (economics, mathematics, history, etc.) and each has its own tuition – so you are basically "stuck” there and cannot take classes from, for instance, the mathematics faculty if you enrolled in the history faculty. Russian students do not cross between faculties like students do in the US – the mentality is quite different – so the university structure cannot accommodate movement in most cases. With Degree Studies and Visiting Scholar Programs, you are expected to focus on a particular topic. That said, some smaller universities can be a little more flexible about this as everything is done more centrally. Contact us with specific requests!

What would the total cost be for degree studies with SRAS’ enrollment assistance?
The exact cost is the SRAS Direct Enrollment fee + tuition + housing. Tuition and housing depends on the university you would like to apply to and the particular faculty (history, economics, mathematics, etc). Contact us for more info.

 

10. Program Related Services      (back to top)

What are "Airport Transfers?"
A transfer is transportation from the airport to your actual destination inside the city (such as a dormitory or home stay). Most airports in Russia are built a considerable distance from the city and finding the correct address you'll be staying at, especially if you have a substantial amount of luggage, can be difficult. For this reason, SRAS includes one round-trip airport transfer as part of those services included with most programs (check the individual program pages to see if it is included with the specific program you are interested in). If not directly included, they can added for a fee. Contact SRAS for a quote. 

Public transportation from the airport can be confusing and the taxi drivers who wait for tourists are not always the most honest – we don't recommend even making eye-contact with them. If you do not speak Russian, and especially after such a long plane ride, there are many pitfalls. We recommend arranging a taxi that will wait for you with your name on a sign, either through a travel agent or educational program.

Public transportation is a cheaper option, but certainly not as convenient. Depending on what modes of transport you use, it will cost you from $3-10 dollars to transport you and your bags, but you must pay in rubles, so be prepared to change money at the airport. If you have a lot of luggage or big luggage, you will be required to pay extra fare for each bag as though it were a person. Taking public transportation alone is not a good idea if it will be difficult for you to carry your things, as it is very crowded and requires a good deal of standing and/or hauling (especially if you are going to be making transfers inside the metro). 

How does the cell phone program work?
All SRAS programs include either free use of a cell phone (or assistance in obtaining one) for the duration of the program or assistance in purchasing a cell phone at the beginning of the program. See individual programs for details. Calls, SMS messages, etc. are not included.

The service plan differs slightly from phone to phone as cell companies cancel and introduce new plans frequently. However, the following guidelines and estimates generally hold true:

  • Payment for calls is made by using one of many special terminals found throughout the city. You will be shown how to apply money to your account and where to buy long distance calling cards as part of your SRAS orientation after arrival.
  • During orientation your SRAS representative will assist you with putting money on your phone. We recommend that you keep a minimum balance of 100 RUR (around $3.50) on the phone at all times, in case of emergency. Students are responsible for returning the phone in working order and with a positive balance.
  • Incoming calls and SMS messages are free. 
  • Outgoing calls to local cell numbers: ~5-10 RUR per minute.
  • Outgoing calls to local land-line numbers: ~10 RUR per minute.
  • SMS: ~3-4 RUR each.
  • Calling the US directly: varies between surprisingly and outrageously expensive.
  • Calling the US with a calling card: ~8-13 cents per minute. (Plus cost of local call if calling from a mobile.) 
  • All terms subject to change without notice.
  • Lost or broken phones are replaced by the student either by paying a replacement fee (3000 rubles or $100) or by purchasing a similar model and returning that model to SRAS at the end of the program.

What is "SRAS In-Country Support?"
This means that if you have specific interests you would like to pursue, you can contact us and we can try to point you in the right direction. If you run into specific problems (with your program or with any of the myriad of bureaucracy that you will encounter), SRAS can always be reached by your mobile phone or by email to help you find a solution.

What about Insurance?
Most program fees (see individual program pages) include full health and accident insurance based on arrival/departure dates up to 2 days prior and post. Students may additionally request optional property insurance (at extra cost) to cover laptops, cameras, or other valuables brought to Russia. See our Health and Safety Guide for more information.



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